Available courses

Collection of past research done by graduates of Forensic Science (UKM). The research are categorized based on their graduating class.

This activity will involve critical review of latest forensic science journals.
A subject that evaluate your chemistry knowledge to identify compounds present in evidence.
This course is a continuation of basic pharmacology and basic toxicology. The the course deals specifically into the various issues related to toxicology and forensic science. the notes that is listed on the site was donated generously by En. Yusof, our resident forensic toxicologist.
Each students will be exposed to research which helps them to design their skills in research planning, experimentation,, data analysis and writing reports as a graduate in Forensic Science.
This session consists of presentation session and discussion on general forensic cases in Malaysia and occasionally criticize relevant articles published by researchers in Forensic Science.

This course is conducted in the form of lectures, lab sessions and tutorials. It covers basic concept of toxicology, the concept of poison, it's chemical property and various procedures and techniques that needs to be adopted to extract, identify and profile poison obtained from biological and autopsy specimens. Discussion on various equipments that can be used in a forensic toxicology lab will also be discussed. Classification and identification of drugs that commonly misused will also be stressed. Error during producing toxicology results will also be discussed.

This course consists of lectures and laboratory practice and covers the aspects of organic chemistry, synthesis features, reactions and hydrocarbon mechanism, alcohol, phenol, ehter, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid and their derivatives. Introduction to pH principle and buffer acid-base, biochemical compound, amino acid, protein, enzyme, vitamin, co- enzyme, carbohydrate, lipid, nucleic acid and hormone will be delivered. Their importance in forensic will be focused.

This course consists of lectures, laboratory practices and tutorials which focus on analytical methodologies of chemical compound and drugs on organic matters. Various techniques and tests will be explained to identify levels of various chemical compound and drugs in organic matters. Explanation on cases relevant to forensic toxicology will be carried out for application purpose. Techniques to identify clinical and biochemical characteristics of new toxin will be discussed.

An extension from previous paper titled molecular biology. This paper will specifically deal on the application of DNA in forensic and various tools used to obtain a reliable result.

This is a course which covers the research component of forensic science. This course will be conducted throughout two semesters of the final year. grade for first semester will cover proposal development, proposal presentation, lab work, thesis writing (covering introduction, library research and material and methods). Second semester will offer result presentation, thesis writing, viva and manuscript.
This paper teaches students how to take basic documentation at crime scene using photography. They then will learn on how images are adulterated and used for illegal purposes.
This paper teaches students on how to conduct IT based forensic investigation. Level of difficulty is intermediate so a basic knowledge on how to handle a window based computer is essential.
This course consists of lecture and practical sessions in computer laboratory which covers all field of statistics with forensic research importance. The course also covers data collection, data presentation, data spread, parametric and non-parametric test. It also consists of design method used in research and case investigation which covers non- parametric statistics, randomness, variability statistics, research design and sample size. Advanced modelling will also be introduced.
The course covers lecture sessions, laboratory practices, tutorials and group activities. Topics which will be covered are macroscopic anatomy as well as human and animal microscopic anatomy. Students will be exposed to major body system, other than taught during first semester, for example, relevant systemic histology. Exposure to comparative anatomy and physiology will be taught, the comparison between main system on human and selected animal. Students’ understanding will be enhanced with exercise book during laboratory practice and will be evaluated during tutorial for every given topics.
This course covers lectures on theory of basic measurement, error, basic electronic, centrifugation technique, electrochemistry, chromatography, spectrometry, Coulter counter, immunochemistry analyzer, automation, hematology analysis, microbiology automation system, information management system and micro information system Application of forensic analysis instrumentation will also be introduced. Note: This is a mirror course introduced by FST (Chemistry).
This course covers lectures and laboratory practices which will introduce students to the concept of tissue reaction towards injury, relation between causes, lesions and signs of disease, patogenesis and diagnosis. Focus will be directed upon principle of basic pathology to help understanding of basic diagnosis and diseases. Relations of disease and its implication on forensic will be discussed.
This course is conducted in the form of lectures, lab sessions and tutorials. It covers basic concept of toxicology, the concept of poison, it's chemical property and various procedures and techniques that needs to be adopted to extract, identify and profile poison obtained from biological and autopsy specimens. Discussion on various equipment that can be used in a forensic toxicology lab will also be discussed. Classification and identification of drugs that commonly misused will also be stressed. Error during producing toxicology results will also be discussed.
This course will be delivered through lectures, laboratory practices and tutorials on pharmacological related area such as drug delivery, distribution, metabolism, excretion and drugs pharmacodynamic. It will also cover autonomic pharmacology and its action. Techniques on drugs safety and toxicity will also be delivered to students.
A course which applies basic knowledge of chemistry to identification of compounds. Students will learn the basic of separation and how to use analytical machines found in most forensic science chemistry labs - GC, UPLC and GCMS. Optimization and interpretation of chromatogram results will also be touched.
This course delivers basic knowledge of arthropod especially insect and its forensic importance. Students will be exposed to morphological aspect, classification, taxonomy, physiological system and insect’s behavior. This course will also discuss on insects and other arthropods human and carrion, including entomotoxicology application and postmortem interval estimation (PMI).
This course involves theory and practical of microscopy, macroscopy and spectroscopy techniques to detect, identify and evaluate evidence such as hairs, chemical fibers, paint, glass, soil sample, vehicle investigation and fingerprint. Techniques and aspects of investigation by using trace element, trace chromatography, gas pyrolysis chromatography, infra red spectrum, mass pyrolysis spectometry, color analysis, compound composition, inferpherometry, refractive index, density analysis, statistic analysis, glass fragment analysis, microscope analysis in fiber and hair investigation including fluorescent and polarisation, type of man-made fiber (nylon, acrylic, polyester) and natural fiber (cotton) and type of colorings.
This course consists of theory and practical of various type of crime scene analysis (homicide, arson, bombing, etc.) Every crime scene will be discussed thoroughly and will cover the procedures to ensure collected samples are acceptable in laboratory and admissible in court. This course will also delivers photography techniques for field documentation. Explanation on cases relevant to crime scene and problems faced by forensic experts will be delivered to relate the knowledge and its application in forensic study.
This course contains lectures and assignment that will give students basic knowledge in various theories and psychology principles. Psychological development will also be focused which will encompass baby, children and adolescent psychology and various family factors which will influence its outcome. Behavioral science principles covering various aspects for example personality, motivation, emotion, management of emotional stress and various counseling techniques will also be touched. Emphasis will also be given towards ethical issue including responsibility in giving diagnosis service, use of human as test subjects, medical screening and genetic test. Stress will also be given on topic covering sexual crimes and violence towards public, family and individuals.
An extension from previous paper titled molecular biology. This paper will specifically deal on the application of DNA in forensic and various tools used to obtain a reliable result.
This course consists of lectures, laboratory practices and tutorials which focus on analytical methodologies of chemical compound and drugs on organic matters. Various techniques and tests will be explained to identify levels of various chemical compound and drugs in organic matters. Explanation on cases relevant to forensic toxicology will be carried out for application purpose. Techniques to identify clinical and biochemical characteristics of new toxin will be discussed.
This course is conducted in the form of lectures and lab sessions, and will discuss types, structure, growth and culturing of microbes that includes bacteria, viruses and fungi. Its relationship to health, safety and industry will also be discussed. Techniques for sampling, quality control and identification will also be discussed in detail. Application of microbiology in forensic cases in Malaysia will also be discussed to link the knowledge learned and various cases that might be found when after graduation.
Every student will be exposed to environment and work related problem as a forensic scientist. This method will enrich students’ experience – an aspect not to be provided during lecture session or laboratory practice. This will educate students to the protocols to achieve the right, valid decision and admissible in court. Forensic simulation will be provided from time to time to ensure the variability of case. Difficulty level – beginner.
Every student will be exposed to environment and work related problem as a forensic scientist. This method will enrich students’ experience – an aspect not to be provided during lecture session or laboratory practice. This will educate students to the protocols to achieve the right, valid decision and admissible in court. Forensic simulation will be provided from time to time to ensure the variability of case. Difficulty level – beginner.
This course will be carried out through lectures and problem based learning. It involves Malaysian legal system, courts, prosecutors and attorneys, forensic expert witness, admissibility of forensic evidence and technique of presenting testimony. Simulation of evidence presentation in court based on simulation of crime case will be carried out to assist students’ understanding.
This course covers lectures and laboratory practices which involves the technique of handwriting, technique to analyse signature and printing devices. History of paper development, ink and printer will be delivered. Technique to detect document fraud will be discussed extensively. Simulation on relevant forensic cases of document analysis will be focused.
This course consists of lectures and laboratory practice. It will introduce students to various biological specimen of plant origin or animal origin found at crime scene, their morphological characteristics and other identification characteristics. It will also cover the procedure used in laboratory to identify these specimens. This course will also explain briefly about antigen and antibody specifity. This includes the variation of blood groups, polymorphic protein and enzyme found in blood and bodily fluid, typing protocol and importance of blood group to identify individuals. Focus will be on the method to obtain information from various type of bodily fluid. Simulation of forensic cases will be carried out to help students’ understanding.
This course involves lectures and laboratory practice. This includes introduction to firearm and explosive, their history and technique to identify identification marks on firearms as well as the effects of the aftermath. Wounds caused by firearms including shapes and its characteristics will be discussed.Investigation on special characteristics of firearms will be demonstrated to explain various investigation techniques relevant to ballistic. Students will be explained on techniques to identify the signature of a bomber. Simulation on forensic cases relevant to explosives will be carried out to help students understanding.
This course covers lecture session, laboratory practice, tutorial and group activity. The module begins with an introduction to wounds, including their classification, characteristics and aspects of particular medico-legal importance. General post-mortem changes in a body including those features which may be confused with injuries. he lectures follow on asphyxial deaths of all types, deaths associated with water, deaths or injuries associated with fires, firearms injuries and fatalities, injury and death in childhood (including child abuse and cot death) and rape. Medico-legal aspects of alcohol and drug abuse are discussed. There is particular emphasis on understanding the absorption and metabolism of alcohol, its effects upon human performance. The approach to the medico-legal investigation of death, including the performance of the autopsy and the methods used in identification of the dead are discussed. Criminal personality profiling, which is a criminal investigative tool allowing deductions to be made concerning the perpetrator of a crime from the appearance of a crime scene, is discussed in relationship to sexual homicides and non-homicidal rapes together with the sexual abuse of children. Students will be assessed during tutorial and knowledge in practical sessions.
Anthropology segment will be carried out by lecture sessions, tutorials and laboratory practices. This involves application of biological principles and skeletons to identify human of decomposed body. Techniques for bones collection, preservation and analysis will be emphasized. Students will be exposed to various techniques to determine time of death. Forensic dentistry section covers a series of lectures including bite marks, identification of human remains from dental features and determination of age. Focus will be upon special dental features through gross examination and x-ray analysis. Technique to acquire dental x-ray from skeletal remains will also be conducted. Explanation on latest cases related to forensic dentistry will be delivered.
This course covers lectures and laboratory practice involving introduction to arson investigation in Malaysia. Liquid, gas and solid fuel burning characteristics, fire accelerant, fire structure, vehicle fire, vessel, forest fire, electrical and clothing burn will also be discussed. This course will also provide focus on explosives, chemical and dangerous compound, including relevant legal consideration.
This course introduces lectures, practical and tutorials which include organization of the body, cell and tissues, support and movement of the body. It will emphasize on skeletal system and joints as well as muscle tissues. In addition, regulation of the body and integration of the body such as nervous system and a few of other parts of body will be included in this course.
Lectures on fundamental of physiology and anatomy. This part of the course will cover some parts of Levels of organization, support and movement and control and regulation. Examples for each area will be directed towards the various fields of forensic science.
This is the second part of Physioanatomy. The course will cover lectures, lab session, quiz and a final exam. Areas that will be touched include histology, circulatory system, digestive system, urinary system and comparative anatomy. Students will also be exposed with various application of physioanatomy to forensic science.
Sesi ini merupakan sesi pembentangan dan perbincangan kes-kes forensik yang umum di negara ini dan mengkritik kes-kes yang berkaitan dengan bidang Sains Forensik. This session consists of presentation session and discussion on general forensic cases in Malaysia and to criticize cases related to Forensic Science.
Each students will be exposed to research which helps them to design their skills in research planning, experimentation,, data analysis and writing reports as a graduate in Forensic Science.
Introduction towards molecular biology. student will be exposed to an updated knowledge pertaining to genetics that will eventually lead to molecular biology. Students will be exposed to the relevancy of molecular biology in forensic science at the end of each lecture. This paper is actually a foundation for molecular biology courses which will be offered in the third year and also will help student conduct molecule-based research in the final year.
This course covers lectures and practical. Areas that will be covered are fluids and transport, environmental exchange and continuity of life. Every section will be enhanced with microscopic anatomy, macroscopic and embryology. Students will be exposed to appropriate practical for better understanding of the lectures and its importance in the field of Forensic Science.

This course consists of lectures and laboratory practice and covers the aspects of organic chemistry, synthesis features, reactions and hydrocarbon mechanism, alcohol, phenol, ehter, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid and their derivatives. Introduction to pH principle and buffer acid-base, biochemical compound, amino acid, protein, enzyme, vitamin, co- enzyme, carbohydrate, lipid, nucleic acid and hormone will be delivered. Their importance in forensic will be focused.

This course consists of lectures and laboratory practice and covers the aspects of organic chemistry, synthesis features, reactions and hydrocarbon mechanism, alcohol, phenol, ehter, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid and their derivatives. Introduction to pH principle and buffer acid-base, biochemical compound, amino acid, protein, enzyme, vitamin, co- enzyme, carbohydrate, lipid, nucleic acid and hormone will be delivered. Their importance in forensic will be focused.

This is a specialised course. Participants are required to undergo the basic and intermediate course to identify individual capability. At the end of this course successful participant will be able to handle complex crime scene investigation and present your evidence in court as a CSI expert.

This is an extension of the Basic Maritime Crime Scene Investigation module. Participants are require to complete the basic module before going for this course. At the end of this course participants should be able to head a maritime crime scene investigation team. Cases that are within their final skills would be basic robbery, boarding and hijacking.

This entry level course will introduce participants to the operational side of maritime crime scene investigation. At the end of this course participants should be able to conduct basic maritime crime scene investigation. 

This course will is an extension of the fingerprint investigation module. It will over various other staing techniques to obtain fingerprint. Extension will be made to cover shoe print and other related evidence that can be obtained using contrasting coloring.

This course covers the second part of the fundamental principles and procedures employed in the investigation of a crime. Emphasis is placed on the investigation of specific crimes, the identification of sources of information and the procedures necessary for the proper handling of evidence. As usual this course includes lab study and simulations designed to reinforce important investigative and basic forensic skills.

This is an advanced course of Forensic Photography. Participants will be exposed to specific environment which requires special photography techniques. Special techniques to determine distance and speed of objects will also be covered. Image manipulation during post-processing will be taught as a hands on session. 

A course emphasing on data mining.
A short course dealing with various techniques that can be used during an interview of a witness or suspect. Ethical issues pertaining to the activities are also discussed in length. This is essential as sometimes the lines between interviews and interrogation becomes very blur.
Crime Scene Management is an accessible introduction to the common forms of evidence that may be encountered at a scene of crime and the techniques used for recovery of that evidence. This course focuses on the techniques for handling crime scenes from the role of the first officer attending through to the specialist personnel who may be called to deal with specific evidence types. Methods covered include introduction to DNA-rich samples, fingerprints, toolmarks and footwear impressions. Later topics move on to consider examples of specialised scenes such as arson and vehicle crime. The content of each topics will be tested with self-assessment questions to reinforce student understanding.
One of the most important parts of a forensic investigation is fingerprinting. As fingerprints are unique to each individual, they serve as a highly accurate way for law enforcement agencies to identify a suspect, as well as potentially prove their guilt or innocence. Various techniques to obtain fingerprint on various surfaces and condition and interpreting them reliably will be covered in detail.
This course will be an introduction to the basic concepts of biological evidence. Biological evidence is valuable evidence and is an excellent way of identifying potential suspect, associating suspects or victims to a crime scene or to one another and linking crimes through databases. In this course, students will learn about the different types of biological evidence, how to collect, identify, and analyze them. This will show them why biological evidence is so important.
This is a basic post blast course designed to teach a step-by-step procedures for managing and processing a bomb scene, it enables investigators to find the evidence and then make sense of what is found. The course is comprised of classroom participation, an explosives demonstration and actual investigation of a post blast scene.

Biological warfare (BW) also known as germ warfare is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war. Biological weapons (often termed "bio-weapons", "biological threat agents", or "bio-agents") are living organisms or replicating entities (viruses, which are not universally considered "alive") that reproduce or replicate within their host victims. Entomological (insect) warfare is also considered a type of biological weapon. Biological weapons may be employed in various ways to gain a strategic or tactical advantage over an adversary, either by threats or by actual deployments. Like some of the chemical weapons, biological weapons may also be useful as area denial weapons. These agents may be lethal or non-lethal, and may be targeted against a single individual, a group of people, or even an entire population. This course will look in detail in the various types of biological weapons and how to contain them.
Firearm investigation is a specialty of forensic science focusing on the examination of firearms and related subjects. Closely linked to this is ballistics, which relates to the flight path of projectiles, often associated with forensic science during the investigation of firearms. This area of study examines the path of a bullet from when it leaves the firearm up until it strikes the target. During investigations in which the use of firearms is suspected, a number of artefacts may be collected for examination, including firearms, cartridge cases, bullets, live ammunition, trace materials, and any material damaged by a projectile.
This course is a fluid content course which looks at the current issues faced by practitioning forensic scientist. This course will also cover latest techniques available for forensic scientist that can be used to further enhance the sensitivity and specificity of available analytic methods. Discussion on latest forensic science publication will also be conducted periodically through out the course to develop a critical and investigative mind.
A course covering a detailed methodological approach to computer forensics and evidence analysis. This course is an extended filler of the Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator Certification (CHFI) program. Thus, it is a comprehensive course covering major forensic investigation scenarios with extensive hands-on experience on various forensic investigation techniques and standard tools necessary to successfully carry-out a computer forensic investigation.
This course is an extension of the Crime scene management I course. It will cover in depth phases of pre-crime, crime and post-crime scene. Basic tools useful for forensic investigation will be covered in detail. The techniques listed will then be applied for counter terrorism, counterintelligence, criminal investigative, and forensic investigations simulation.
An expert report is a study written by one or more experts that states findings and offers opinions.In this course, you will understand and develop expert reports thus offering opinions on points of controversy in a legal case. The reports will cover facts, discuss details, explain reasoning, and eventually justify your experts conclusions and opinions.

Second component is the presentation of evidence, The presentation of evidence in court, in written or oral form is the end of a forensic investigation process. There are no common approach on what to include in a forensic report but essentially the forensic report must me precise in content, grammatically correct with no spelling mistakes, clear wording, concise and readily understandable.
Forensic evidence has no real value until it has been interpreted by an expert within the context of the investigation, and this process may provide evidence of ‘fact’ or ‘opinion’ which is used in court to prove valid points. This is a central theme of this course which would include a moot court exercise. Various forms of cases will also be applied during the presentation of evidence.
This course covers the fundamental principles and procedures employed in the investigation of a crime. Emphasis is placed on the investigation of specific crimes, the identification of sources of information and the procedures necessary for the proper handling of evidence. This course is designed to develop a working knowledge of the steps of investigation beginning with the initial security of the crime scene and concluding with the presentation of evidence and proper testimony in court. This course includes lab study designed to reinforce important investigative and basic forensic skills.
This course will cover a brief history of photography, a thorough understanding of the principles behind photography, and the techniques used for photographing certain types of crime scenes and evidence. Throughout the course, there will be an emphasis on the importance of photography and how it is used as a way to document, preserve, and identify evidence. Before entering a crime scene a forensic photographer should know what to look for and how to capture it. Through photographic methods and techniques, the photographer must also concentrate on creating an accurate portrayal of the scene as it is perceived. Various techniques to capture a crime scene will be taught through multiple live simulations.

Initial assessment of knowledge. This is actually an objective exam oriented course that requires participant to learn on their own and use their past knowledge to answer the questions. Detail result from this course will be used to determine which additional course you will need to take to achieve certification in certain area of Crime Scene Investigation.

Documents for trainer & evaluators

Kali Linux is a Debian-derived Linux distribution designed for digital forensics and penetration testing. It is maintained and funded by Offensive Security Ltd. It was developed by Mati Aharoni and Devon Kearns of Offensive Security through the rewrite of BackTrack, their previous forensics Linux distribution.Kali Linux is preinstalled with numerous penetration-testing programs, including nmap (a port scanner), Wireshark (a packet analyzer), John the Ripper (a password cracker), and Aircrack-ng (a software suite for penetration-testing wireless LANs).Kali Linux can be run from a hard disk, live CD, or live USB. It is a supported platform of the Metasploit Project's Metasploit Framework, a tool for developing and executing security exploits. This workshop teaches users on how to use this tool to the fullest.
A 15 days course introducing potential investigators on how a proper scientific investigation is conducted.
This course is conducted for the Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM). It is an introduction to basic DNA sampling for crime scene investigator and thus is suitable for collecting evidence suspected of porcine contamination. It is composed of lectures and crime scene simulation. Assessment includes a written exam and a live simulation. Total passing mark is 75%. Participants will receive either a certificate of Ability or certificate of attendance based on the performance in the assessment. Re-certification is required every two years.
This workshop will introduce participants to the various techniques for fluorescent staining. Prior to the introduction of the various fluorescent technique participants will understand how fluorescent microscope work and how they can make be manipulated to achieve the desired result or experiment.the first component of the workshop will be lectures and discussion. Later, students or participants will be exposed to hands on the use of fluorescent microscope in research. This workshop is actually a stepping stone for the use of confocal microscope.
EnCase is a computer forensics product produced by Guidance Software used to analyze digital media (for example in civil/criminal investigations, network investigations, data compliance and electronic discovery). The software is available to law enforcement agencies and corporations. EnCase includes tools for data acquisition, file recovery, indexing/search and file parsing. Special training is usually required to operate the software. Data recovered by EnCase has been used successfully in various court systems around the world such as in the case of the BTK Killer.

An introduction on the use of Endnote for thesis and journal writing. Various other software and services that expands the Endnote functions will also be introduced. This is a hands on course which would usually cover 1 to 2 days.

This short 2 days workshop teaches participants on developing new protocols to study the effect of free radical on live cells using confocal microscope. Participants will also have a hands on session on an actual confocal microscope, learn how to do flourescent staining and quantitation.
Wireshark is a free and open-source packet analyzer. It is used for network troubleshooting, analysis, software and communications protocol development, and education. Originally named Ethereal, in May 2006 the project was renamed Wireshark due to trademark issues. The software is very similar to tcpdump, but has a graphical front-end, plus some integrated sorting and filtering options. The software allows the user to put network interface controllers that support promiscuous mode into that mode, in order to see all traffic visible on that interface, not just traffic addressed to one of the interface's configured addresses and broadcast/multicast traffic. However, when capturing with a packet analyzer in promiscuous mode on a port on a network switch, not all of the traffic travelling through the switch will necessarily be sent to the port on which the capture is being done, so capturing in promiscuous mode will not necessarily be sufficient to see all traffic on the network. Port mirroring or various network taps extend capture to any point on the network. Simple passive taps are extremely resistant to tampering. This workshop deals on how to use the software for intelligence/ evidence gathering. Difficulty level is medium. A basic understanding of network is require before participating for this workshop.

In this course, students discover the world around them. They learn to ask questions and are challenged to explain their observations. Students develop their own theories, then test and refine them through experimentation. They also share their results with each other in order to develop a deeper understanding of the natural world.

This science courses offer students the opportunity to delve into topics that are not generally part of a standard school curriculum. Young people are naturally curious about how things work, and gifted students have a need for in-depth study that challenges them to answer open-ended questions. In this science course, they are able to go beyond household or kitchen science and use more formal scientific equipment.

Students spend time each day performing laboratory exercises, hands-on activities, or field work. Students not only explore unique content, but also learn science processes as they work individually or in groups to gather and interpret data, master scientific concepts, and recognize relationships among physical phenomena. Students may write concluding lab or project reports on experiments they have completed. This courses emphasize inquiry-based learning, in which instructors facilitate students making their own great discoveries.

An advanced version of "Crime Scene Investigation: Examining the evidence". In this course students will understand basic and applied chemistry used in most Forensic Science laboratories.
The course is to provide laboratory professionals with the knowledge and skills to enter positions of leadership in clinical/diagnostic, research, biotechnology, public health and pharmaceutical settings.
This short course will introduce you to the laboratory organization and design, outline the safety, First Aid & Design waste procedures and various ISO that must be complied to produce a reliable laboratory service. It will also introduce you to the use of computers in the laboratory. Highlight the importance of the hazards in the laboratory and importance of a good storage design.

A re-certification exam  allowing participants to obtain a two (2) valid certificate in the corresponding area. Participant can only sit for the exam when they fulfill these criteria (1). have undergone a recognized course/ module in the appropriate area and (2). have been operationally active for a duration not less than 6 months. To obtain the certificate participant will need to obtain 80% passing mark for each component. Areas that will be evaluated are Fingerprint entry (Rakam cap jari)Fingerprint black dusting, Fingerprint white dusting, Fingerprint enhancement and Fingerprint photography (entity).

A re-certification exam  allowing participants to obtain a two (2) valid certificate in the corresponding area. Participant can only sit for the exam when they fulfill these criteria (1). have undergone a recognized course/ module in the appropriate area and (2). have been operationally active for a duration not less than 6 months. To obtain the certificate participant will need to obtain 70% passing mark for each component. Areas that will be evaluated are Searching techniques, Crime scene classification, Evidence identification - viability, Biological and non-biological, Collection and preservation and Documentation

A re-certification exam  allowing participants to obtain a two (2) valid certificate in the corresponding area. Participant can only sit for the exam when they fulfill these criteria (1). have undergone a recognized course/ module in the appropriate area and (2). have been operationally active for a duration not less than 6 months. To obtain the certificate participant will need to obtain 70% passing mark for each component. Areas that will be evaluated are Day moving photography, Night moving photography, Very close-up view photography (physical injury & fatalities), Digital enhancement, Photography log, Metadata, movement and distance.


A re-certification exam  allowing participants to obtain a two (2) valid certificate in the corresponding area. Participant can only sit for the exam when they fulfill these criteria (1). have undergone a recognized course/ module in the appropriate area and (2). have been operationally active for a duration not less than 6 months. To obtain the certificate participant will need to obtain 70% passing mark for each component. Areas that will be evaluated are Day still photography, Night still photography and Panorama photography.